acyl group


acyl group
noun
any group or radical of the form RCO- where R is an organic group
-

an example of the acyl group is the acetyl group

Syn: ↑acyl
Hypernyms: ↑group, ↑radical, ↑chemical group

* * *

Chem.
the univalent group RCO-, where R is any organic group attached to one bond of the carbonyl group. Also called acyl radical.

Useful english dictionary. 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • acyl group — Chem. the univalent group RCO , where R is any organic group attached to one bond of the carbonyl group. Also called acyl radical. * * * …   Universalium

  • acyl group — /ˈæsəl grup/ (say asuhl groohp) noun a group R–(C=O)–, formally derived from a carboxylic acid …   Australian English dictionary

  • Acyl — group of a carboxylic acid. An acyl group is a functional group derived by the removal of one or more hydroxyl groups from an oxoacid,[1] including inorganic acids. In organic chemistry, the acyl group is usually derived from a carboxylic acid… …   Wikipedia

  • Acyl-CoA — is a coenzyme involved in the metabolism of fatty acids. It is a temporary compound formed when coenzyme A (CoA) attaches to the end of a long chain fatty acid, inside living cells. The CoA is then removed from the chain, carrying two carbons… …   Wikipedia

  • acyl — /as il, eel/, adj. Chem. containing the acyl group. [1895 1900; < G: an organic radical derived from an acid; see ACID, YL] * * * …   Universalium

  • acyl — adj. containing the acyl group (Chemistry) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Acyl — Ac yl, n. [Acid + yl.] (Org. Chem.) An acid radical, as acetyl, malonyl, or benzoyl. An acyl radical can be depicted as {R CO }, where { CO } is the carbonyl group, and R is the group that characterizes the acyl moiety. [Webster 1913 Suppl. +PJC] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • acyl — [as′il] n. [ AC(ID) + YL] Chem. a radical, RCO, derived from an organic acid by the removal of the OH group …   English World dictionary

  • Acyl halide — An acyl halide (also known as an acid halide) is a chemical compound derived from an oxoacid [http://goldbook.iupac.org/A00123.html] by replacing a hydroxyl group with a halide group.GoldBookRef|title=acyl… …   Wikipedia

  • Acyl chloride — In organic chemistry, an acyl chloride (or acid chloride) is an organic compound which is a reactive derivative of a carboxylic acid. As part of its molecular structure, an acyl chloride has the reactive functional group CO Cl. An acyl chloride… …   Wikipedia